Executives, meanwhile, haven’t felt nearly the same bite from inflation.
CEO pay at the companies cited in the report soared 31% — driving the average pay gap to 670-to-1, up from 604-to-1 in 2020.
Put another way: CEOs at these firms got a $2.5 million raise. Low-wage workers got a $3,500 raise. The average CEO made $10.6 million a year. The average low-wage worker took home just under $24,000.
“We just haven’t seen any significant progress towards pay equity,” Sarah Anderson, director of the institute’s Global Economy Project, told CNN Business.
When the pandemic hit in 2020, “corporate boards zealously protected their much more than ample CEO paychecks, even as their workers lost jobs, income, and lives,” researchers wrote. In 2021, “corporate leaders shifted to new CEO pay-inflating tactics,” including spending billions on stock buybacks and inflating prices of consumer goods to maintain wide profit margins, the report says.
Buybacks and price hikes
Last year, companies in the S&P 500 repurchased a record $882 billion of their own shares. That number is on track to reach $1 trillion in 2022, according to Goldman Sachs.
At the 106 companies where researchers found median worker pay did not keep pace with the 2021 inflation rate of 4.7%, 67 spent on stock buybacks, a controversial maneuver that inflates a company’s share price, and, consequently, juices executive pay. They’ve been a thorny issue since they were legalized in 1982 — prior to that, they were considered stock manipulation.
The IPS report called out big-box retailers specifically for spending massive sums on buybacks while cutting median worker pay.
The White House has proposed new rules intended to curb stock buybacks as part of its $5.8 trillion budget released in March, but those changes are unlikely to win bipartisan support.
CEO pay is always top tier, but the widening gap between executives and their workers has come under growing scrutiny from progressive lawmakers.
During the first year of the pandemic, CEO pay overall jumped 19% — even as many of their businesses ground to a halt, according to the Economic Policy Institute, which tracks 350 of the largest US companies. The latest EPI report shows top CEOs were paid 351 times as much as a typical worker in 2020.
Critics say the pay gap not only about bad optics — it’s also bad for business.
“I think most Americans are outraged because they just see it as fundamentally unfair, but there’s also a very strong business argument that these extreme gaps are demoralizing for workers,” says Anderson, who co-authored the IPS report. “When so many companies are facing staffing challenges and unionization, why wouldn’t they look at trying to address these gaps as a way to have more peaceful and productive relations with their employees?”
The report urges President Biden to wield executive power to roll out new standards for federal contractors that would make it hard for companies with huge CEO-worker pay gaps to land lucrative federal contracts.